|10-06-2009, 03:45 AM||#1 (permalink)|
Join Date: Apr 2008
Smoking, Drinking Causes Brain Injury
Chronic smoking and drinking causes both separate and interactive neurobiological and functional injuries to the brain, bad news for alcoholics, because a vast majority of them are chronic smokers as well.
"Recent neuroimaging studies of chronic smokers have shown brain structural and blood-flow abnormalities," "Specific cognitive dysfunction among active chronic smokers has been reported for auditory-verbal learning and memory, prospective memory, working memory, executive functions, visual search speeds, psychomotor speed and cognitive flexibility, general intellectual abilities, and balance.
"We also believe that the adverse effects of smoking, just like drinking, likely take many years to impact brain function significantly, and interact with age to produce a level of dysfunction that is apparent on cognitive tests."
"Any behavioral manifestation, including alcoholism or addiction to nicotine, is a result of genetic-environment interactions," "Drugs, including alcohol and nicotine, may affect different individuals differently, depending on their genetic make-up. Similarly, drug-drug interactions are also influenced by genetic factors.
"Therefore, co-morbidity of drinking and smoking can be considered to be a final outcome of genetics, environment, and pharmacological interactions between alcohol and nicotine."
|10-07-2009, 06:16 AM||#2 (permalink)|
Join Date: Dec 2008
Thanks for sharing this.
|Thread||Thread Starter||Forum||Replies||Last Post|
|IM to heal an injury...but how?||taktics||Intention-Manifestation||10||08-18-2009 09:22 PM|
|Shoulder Injury||IFeelGood||Health & Fitness||0||05-12-2008 09:45 PM|
|Injury from astral body energy field||sonni||Psychic & Paranormal||12||07-24-2007 02:22 AM|
|How do I treat what appears to be a rotator cuff injury||Gene||Health & Fitness||21||05-12-2007 03:19 PM|
|Repetetive strain injury||KeithHandy||Health & Fitness||21||11-15-2006 12:06 AM|
All times are GMT. The time now is 09:51 PM.