The more fundamental question, I think, would be: What is 'the' conception of the Universe?
In answering, my conclusion has always provided a model for how my consciousness is moving, evolving, and shifting; and is less of "Huh, I was made in the image of Gawd." I know you didn't 'say' after the image of God, but technically the Universe IS God nonetheless, hence my assumptive statement.
Your question (as I am interpreting it), therefore, has a much more subtle motif underlying it; an inquiry not so much concerned with whether "the conception of man was made after the conception of the Universe", but, about whether the Being (self-aware and autonomous) that is you is modeling its conception of self - or - whether its conception of self is modeling the Being that is you.
In that conception, lies the model conception of the Universe and everything else that is possibly conceivable by the conceiver, even the conceiver is capable of conceiving its self. So, now the whole inquiry is muddled with complexity which is a sure indicator that we are trying to conceive of more than we need to be.
My simple solution? To keep on inquiring.