Originally Posted by Spinoza
So if something is produced, then that is good to society as a whole?
Why is that?
Well, to use your apples/oranges analogy (which was a good one, btw), if I grew
the apples (some of which I traded for oranges, no doubt because my family was tired of eating apples all the time), then society would benefit from the nutrition of my apples. After all, people do need to eat.
But, the actual trade of apples for oranges? Not a benefit to society as a whole, in my view.
What would be a list of things that individuals can do that are a benefit to society as a whole?
Well, I would think that farming, mining, manufacturing and some services (like the guy who cuts my hair) are a benefit.